Technical Bulletin 94-6
Re: MARKET CONFUSION
REGARDING TERMS such as "environmentally safe" (as defined by Greenland)
and claims of biodegradability, synthetic and food grade in categorizing
lubricants as being environmentally friendly.
Greenland Corporation states that its Greenplus products
are Environmentally Safe. To define its statement, Greenland Corporation
considers much more than biodegradability. Greenplus products
are completely non toxic, contain no petroleum, heavy metals or
synthetics and are rapidly biodegradable. Backed by recognition
from the Environmental Choice EcoLogo program and the Environmental
Technology Verification Program, Greenland Corporation is a leader
in the manufacture of environmentally safe fluids and lubricants.
Biodegradability can be defined as a measure of the time it takes
for a substance to be degraded in the environment. Biodegradability
does not take into account toxicity to life during the product life
span. In fact, biodegradability can be considered a secondary issue.
Many toxic substances are biodegradable but during the time it takes
them to degrade, they are poisoning vegetation, wildlife and perhaps
humans. Lab tests of a product's ability to biodegrade use standards
of temperature, bacteria and other conditions that often are very
rare in the field. Actual field conditions may considerably slow
the biodegradation of a substance, lengthening the time it can harm
the environment. Many toxic substances can linger in the environment
for decades. Greenplus products are rapidly biodegradable,
but more importantly are not harmful to the environment during the
period it takes them to biodegrade. Greenland bases that claim of
safety not just on excellent results in biodegradability testing
but more importantly from toxicity as established by 96 hour bio-assay
test on fingerling trout. These tests indicate that the presence
of Greenplus in the marine environment does not kill aquatic
life. Biodegradability does not consider this factor.
"Food Grade" designation is being used by some
companies as an indication of environmental acceptability. A vast
majority of these products are petroleum based which, in itself,
makes them unacceptable for spilling in the environment. Food grade
status does not mean they are edible or safe, it only means that
a very small percentage of the product is permitted by statute to
contact the food product.
Synthetic Lubricants again, make claim they are biodegradable, however,
the word synthetic only identifies the method of manufacturing not
the chemical make-up. A number of synthetics originate from a petroleum
hydrocarbon base. They rely on additives from the petroleum industry
to enhance performance. Most have petroleum content.